Ethereum is a blockchain platform born in 2014 that enables programmers to build decentralized ledger applications (DApps). Confusingly there is both a native currency/token “ether,” only for transactions on the platform, and an investable asset called ETH.
The Ethereum 2.0 upgrade began many years ago and got some reality with Beacon Chain in December 2020, existing alongside Ethereum’s mainnet. This is like a public beta where validators can register their interest by staking 32 ETH (worth over USD 96k as I write). Staking means committing funds for two years or more only to be released when Ethereum 2.0 is fully ready; it is a big committment that few retail investors can do.
Ethereum 2.0 on mainnet will require sharding (a technically complex job of dividing up the blockchain into smaller chains known as shards) for efficiency.
There are two narratives related to this roadmap:
– Ethereum bulls say this is like the move from DOS to Windows in the PC era, technically complex and hugely valuable. The killer apps such asNFTs and loaning/borrowing are already proven.
-Ethereum bears say this is a pipedream, and will not happen. Re killer apps, remember when ICOs where the proven use case for Ethereum?
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